Selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) have become a buzz word in recent years among a wide range of people: from bodybuilders to professional athletes, and even those (mostly young men) who just want something to help them get a better body by enhancing the work they’re already doing in the gym and through the diet.
But are SARMs really a safer and healthier alternative to anabolic steroids? They look to be an attractive option with legitimate benefits over steroids with the way SARMs have been developed to target only specific androgen receptors so we get effects that are much more selective without the associated bad effects of having non targeted receptors involved which can cause issues like prostate enlargement.
But research in SARMs haven’t quite got there yet, and many have come and gone in the process of research and development at pharmaceutical companies. This makes SARMs a gray area but it has not dampened their popularity which is growing year by year.
Find out all you need to know about SARMs and other similar compounds in our in-depth guide below. The guide has been broken down into the following sections:
- What are SARMs?
- How Do SARMs Work?
- Are SARMs Safe and Legal?
- SARMs: Liquid vs Capsule, Which Is Better?
- SARMs vs Anabolic Steroids vs Prohormones
- Types of SARMs and Their Benefits
- Can You Stack SARMs and What are the Best Stacks?
- Side Effects from SARMs Cycle
- SARMs Results: What Should I Expect?
- SARMs Post Cycle Therapy
- Common Q&A Related to SARMs
What are SARMs?
SARMs have become increasingly popular as a potentially safer and less risky alternative to anabolic steroids amongst performance athletes and bodybuilders.
There are two types of SARMs: steroidal and non-steroidal. Steroidal SARMs have existed for more than 70 years, non-steroidal SARMs are relatively new. Non-steroidal SARMs are able to bind to androgen receptors in the muscle and bone where they can have anabolic effects.
One of the big reasons that more athletes are taking an interest in SARMs is because they lack the side effects that come with the use of anabolic steroids. However this can be misleading to people who have little knowledge about SARMs, because they can come with their own set of health risks and adverse effects too.
Even though they are not anabolic steroids, SARMs are still a controlled substance under the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) because of their clear performance enhancing effects that give athletes an unnatural advantage. Studies on mice have found that some SARMs are able to increase both bone and muscle mass and initial trials on humans have found that mass can be increased when using SARMs without the gaining of fat.
Other trials have shown more concerning results, with the development of cancer leading to the halting of research in some cases. What this shows is that the true effects of SARMs, both in the short and long term, are still far from fully understood but that doesn’t stop thousands of people taking them and being satisfied with the results.
Unlike anabolic steroids which are directly injected or taken orally, most SARMs are included as ingredients in supplements, usually alongside other ingredients. This can make them difficult to detect even for unsuspecting buyers who might not realize they are purchasing and consuming SARMs at all.
In the medical world, SARMs are being closely studied to work out just how effective they could be in treating a variety of conditions like aging related conditions, osteoporosis and cancer related wasting syndromes. A big area of interest is in potentially using SARMs to help strengthen skeletal muscle mass in aging men and women, to reduce the incidence of fractures, pain and general loss of life quality which most people can expect to experience in elderly years.
We can clearly see from this medical use of SARMs how they would be attractive to young and fit athletes and bodybuilders who have no such age related skeletal or muscle weakness or degeneration but instead want to build upon the existing strength and muscle to boost performance.
How Do SARMs Work?
SARMs are able to target androgen receptors in different parts of the body selectively. This makes SARMs very valuable medically where treatment can potentially be customized or personalized to target very specific conditions. This selective functioning of SARMs can also help eliminate side effects in other parts of the body which are not targeted by the SARM.
Because SARMs are designed to have similar effects to androgenic drugs without the same side effects, they are powerful in the way they can be much more specific in the tissues targeted compared with say testosterone based hormone replacement therapy.
This is the ultimate goal of SARMs: but right now they are still in development and are not yet 100% selective with zero impact on non-targeted tissue, meaning we still can’t get total anabolic effects on the muscle and bones without some androgenic side effect and this is mostly centered on side effects concerning the prostate in men. Despite this, the truly powerful nature of some SARMs give them a very impressive anabolic to androgenic ratio that can leave testosterone in the dust: for example, RAD-140 can have a ratio of up to 90:1, making it extremely anabolic.
In comparison, testosterone’s anabolic to androgenic ratio is a standard 1:1. Bodybuilders using SARMs at higher than medical doses can certainly expect virilizing side effects and it’s these adverse effects that are so often unknown to people who are new to SARMs who assume they do not come with any of the side effects of anabolic steroids.
Are SARMs Safe and Legal?
SARMs are not approved for human use in the USA and other countries. Even though they began to be developed in the 1990s to address medical problems like post-cancer muscle recovery, still no SARMs have undergone complete clinical trials in humans and many were stopped in development by the pharmaceutical companies.
Sellers of SARMs will usually try and slip through loopholes by labelling the supplements as “for research purposes only“, while others might not even list the ingredients at all. The research only label does not pass legal scrutiny in most countries and will still hold the seller liable for breaking the law if they are caught selling products containing SARMs and this can come with very heavy penalties.
Athletes who are drug tested and found to test positive for any SARMs are sanctioned and disqualified, indicating that these compounds are treated just the same in the sporting world as anabolic steroids are.
Even though SARMs are in a gray area legally, it only takes a few seconds to locate dozens of websites claiming to sell SARMs, with many claiming to offer the “highest purity”, but it is near impossible to prove the quality or even legitimacy of these unregulated and unapproved products.
So are SARMs safer than steroids? After all, this is one of the main reasons that athletes are choosing to use SARMs instead of (but sometimes alongside) anabolic steroids. Overall SARMs are considered safer than steroids. Hardcore, long term steroid use can result in very serious health problems but that can also be the case with the over-use of any substance.
The key to retaining a higher level of safety with using SARMs is not to go crazy on the dosage, and to follow up a cycle with a period of proper recovery without the use of any compounds.
SARMs: Liquid vs Capsule, Which Is Better?
If you’re seriously considering giving one or more SARMs a try, once you start investigating where to source your SARMs you will likely come across your chosen compound in two forms: liquid and capsules. Chemically they are both exactly the same, with the liquid form obviously being the original raw form of the SARM, and the capsule being a manufactured product in a form that is familiar to anyone – after all, we all know how to take a capsule without thinking twice, but what do you do with a SARM in liquid form?
There are two things to consider here: one is how and where you plan to purchase the SARM and the legalities involved, and the other is simply your preference in how to use it.
In the US, purchasing SARMs in liquid form is technically legal for research purposes, and this is the loophole many people employ to get their hands on some SARMs. Because liquid SARMs have not been processed at all after being developed in the lab, they are clearly not designed for human use in a more commercialized form as we see with capsules.
That’s why capsule forms of SARMs are illegal – they have very obviously been processed and manufactured into a product for people to use, but containing a substance (the SARM), that is not legally approved for human use.
When it comes to which is better between liquid or capsule SARMs, there is no difference. Provided the capsules have not had any other compounds added, then these two forms are identical in terms of their effects on the body. But this leads to another point that needs to be seriously considered: because SARMs are not legal to manufacture for human use in capsule form, this is not done in approved labs.
In fact you are unlikely to know exactly where and how your SARMs capsules have been made, and this opens you up to risk of not just a potentially low quality product, but one that could possible be dangerous if the manufacturer has either intentionally or unintentionally contaminated the capsules in some way or not produced them to a high quality.
If you want to eliminate the risk of poor quality or potentially dangerous SARMs capsules manufactured underground, then liquid SARMs purchased from research labs is likely to be your preferred choice.
Besides the liquid and capsule formats of SARMs which are the chemical in its original form with no addition of any other ingredients, some SARMs are of course included in some fitness supplements and that is one other avenue that people may consider when contemplating which SARMs to take and how to consume them.
SARMs vs Anabolic Steroids vs Prohormones
With so many options now available in the world of performance enhancing substances – covering virtually every aspect of fitness and physique goals – where do you start? The three main categories we look at are anabolic steroids, SARMs and prohormones. Everyone seems to have an opinion on which is the best, but is one of these types of drugs really better than the other? Or does it totally depend on your goals?
It’s best to be educated about the basics of each performance enhancement drug category so we can then compare the most important advantages and disadvantages of each before making a decision on what to use. This is also wise when you’ve already made use of one type of drug and are considering trying something else but are not yet sure if it will give you better or possibly worse results and side effects.
When it comes to comparing anabolic steroids to SARMs, there are some basic points of difference. Firstly, SARMs are very specific in how they target muscle and bone tissue and so come with reduced prostatic effects in males and for females, less virilization side effects compared with anabolic steroids which are mostly derivatives of the male sex hormone testosterone.
The major benefit of SARMs compared with steroids is that SARMs do not convert to DHT or estrogen even though they also bind to the androgen receptor. This means we don’t get the severe androgenic side effects seen with anabolic steroids like breast tissue enlargement in men, and water retention.
SARMs will also not suppress natural testosterone production anywhere near the level that most anabolic steroids do, meaning your hormonal system is taking less of a hit each cycle.
Many people will state that SARMs are safer to use than steroids, mainly for the above reasons. This has an element of truth, but overall because SARMs are still experimental drugs with many not even having any human clinical trials to speak of, the long term effects are still unknown and could well be as potentially dangerous steroids; after all, utilizing any type of drug at high doses for performance enhancing purposes will always pose a risk of both short and long term health implications.
Prohormones are precursors to anabolic steroids. Prohormones of testosterone and nandrolone are commonly used by some athletes and these are detectable in drug testing. Like SARMs and steroids, prohormones are also prohibited by world doping organizations. After a prohormone is administered, the body is able to turn it into an anabolic steroid.
The main types of prohormones or anabolic steroid precursors used include Androstenedione, Androstenediol, Norandrostenedione, Norandrostenediol and Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA).
The only prohormone available in the U.S. without a prescription is DHEA, but this is also banned by many professional sports bodies as a performance enhancing substance, despite the fact that DHEA is a naturally occurring hormone in the body (as is testosterone which is the basis for most anabolic steroids). DHEA can indirectly increase the levels of steroid hormones like testosterone, so when taken in high dosages can certainly have a performance enhancing effect; hence why it is also banned.
Prohormones have the same effects on the body as anabolic steroids when it comes both to the benefits and side effects because they are converted to steroids in the body. This makes these two types of compounds essentially the same, while SARMs are in a category of their own.
All are powerful substances in their own right, and a decision to use any one of these categories of compounds should be well thought through with not just the benefits considered, but the side effects as well – and that is where SARMs is becoming more of a first choice for many people who want to avoid the most serious side effects of anabolic steroids.
Types of SARMs and Their Benefits
All SARMs are selective androgen receptor modulators. Other compounds which do not fall into this category, but are sometimes lumped together with SARMs (such as Cardarine) are also covered in this guide because they are so often considered for use in performance enhancement in the same way that SARMs are simply for one main reason: SARMs and similar compounds provide a real alternative to anabolic steroids.
While steroids are extremely popular, especially among hardcore bodybuilders, they aren’t for everyone and some people are looking for a milder, potentially less dangerous way of going about using performance enhancing substances to gain an edge. While SARMs have a reputation as being safer than steroids, this is not necessarily true so it’s critical to know exactly what you’re looking at with individual SARMs, rather than considering them as all being the same.
Just as each anabolic steroid is different, so too is the case with different SARMs but at their core, they all bind to androgen receptors selectively so only specific areas of the body benefit from the effect of SARMs.
The two main categories of SARMs are steroid and non steroidal SARMs.
When it comes to the non steroidal SARMs that are mostly chosen for performance enhancing use, some are excellent for muscle growth while others are more useful for helping muscle repair and recovery.
Most SARMs will provide you with many of the same benefits as steroids:
- Increased muscle
- Decreased fat
- Improved bone density and strength
- Enhanced endurance and stamina
- Preserving lean muscle while cutting fat
The other benefits relate to the area of side effects, or in the case of SARMs the lack of the major negative side effects we experience with steroids which can literally destroy your gains: water retention and gynecomastia as a result of aromatization that causes estrogen levels to rise. The lack of these consequences is a clear benefit of SARMs, although they are not totally side effect free regardless of what you might have heard on the grapevine.
Remember: with SARMs we are dealing with experimental and investigative compounds whose both benefits and adverse effects are still being determined both in the lab and unofficially by those who use them to enhance performance.
Testolone is currently considered to be the most powerful SARM of all the ones available, even at low doses. Its benefits are in the main areas of importance to bodybuilders: strength and muscle gains.
Testolone is still in development by the company Radius Health as a treatment for breast cancer, muscle wasting and as a safer alternative to testosterone replacement therapy.
Studies have shown that RAD-140 increases lean muscle mass exceptionally well by targeting skeletal tissue androgen receptors. RAD-140 is believed to be the most androgenic SARM but despite this its androgenic activity is only around 10% of that of testosterone.
Benefits/What to Expect?
You can expect to see superb lean muscle gains when using this SARM. It also improves strength so you’ll be lifting heavier and seeing your results faster than usual both thanks to the way Testolone helps the body build muscle, and because you’ll be supercharging your workouts.
Even at low dosages users of Testolone can expect impressive gains in muscle mass so you won’t need to use a lot of this compound. Expect it to take around four weeks until you start really feeling great strength increases, although some guys will see positive changes within just a couple of weeks.
From there you can expect to see your mass gains compounding as the SARM really kicks in throughout your cycle. It’s not impossible to gain 20 pounds of muscle with RAD-140, but your workouts and diet will need to support these gains otherwise no SARM will work for you. Additionally this is a SARM that stacks well with other SARMs if you really want to ramp up both performance and results.
A notable side effect of this SARM is an increase in aggression or a decrease in anger management; in other words, if you’re prone to a short temper then Testolone could possibly make it worse. This is usually a very individual side effect with some people not at all affected. Starting with a low dose and evaluating how you feel will help you keep this side effect in check if it becomes a problem.
Headaches are another potential side effect of RAD-140 but again, this is often seen at higher doses and can be mostly mitigated by keeping your dosages reasonable at no more than 20mg daily and by ensuring you’re buying high quality Testolone from a reputable source.
Good results can be expected from Testolone at dosages as low as 10mg daily. Some people will increase this to 20mg daily, but it’s important to balance your dosage and side effects and new users of Testolone are best advised to start low and gauge your response to the point where you can increase the dosage if needed.
Any dosage higher than about 20mg per day will require you to do PCT, while you can likely recover well without PCT at the lower doses. A maximum of 10 weeks cycle length is recommended as the upper limit if you want to avoid more severe suppression and other side effects.
My Thoughts On Testolone (RAD-140)
This is a go-to SARM for many bodybuilders simply because we know it works so well for mass gaining and strength boosting. These are the two key areas that anabolic steroids are used for by serious weight lifters and while Testolone is not going to match your most hardcore steroids, it also won’t stress you out with the same side effects. Instead, this SARM provides a solid middle ground between excellent gains with minimal side effects.
Cardarine is in a class of drugs designed to treat cardiovascular conditions, obesity, type 2 diabetes among other syndromes. It has shown to be able to impressively reduce cholesterol levels. It is also valued by performance athletes for some specific reasons, as we will see.
Cardarine is not technically a SARM, but instead is a Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Agonist (PPAR). PPARs differ from SARMs in several ways: they are not androgen receptor binding and they are not anabolic. There is no effect on testosterone from PPARs like Cardarine. Their main medical use is for treating metabolic syndromes mainly targeting blood sugar and triglycerides.
So without the beneficial anabolic properties compared with a SARM, what appeal does Cardarine have for bodybuilders and athletes? This is a compound for people looking for something a little different to an alternative to muscle building steroids.
Benefits/What to Expect?
Exceptionally improved physical performance is where Cardarine shines. Without the anabolic activity of true SARMs and steroids, Cardarine is not a muscle growth compound. Instead it has found popularity with athletes wanting incredible improvements in performance with a 2017 study showing Cardarine was capable of delivering in this area.
Expect to see some remarkable improvements in your cardio exercise performance with this compound. Cardarine is also useful for fat burning as it was also developed to help treat obesity. Although this is to be expected when your endurance is boosted and you’re ultimately training much harder and for longer, Cardarine can potentially act to burn fat for energy by changing the metabolism to increase the uptake of glucose in skeletal muscle tissue and to stimulate fatty acid oxidation.
If your diet supports the goal of losing fat, Cardarine can only make it easier and comes with the benefit of reducing catabolism or loss of muscle when losing fat. Cardarine is often referred to as primarily a fat loss compound.
Another great benefit of Cardarine is that it does not interfere or have anything to do with hormones, so you don’t get testosterone suppression or require PCT afterwards to recover hormonal function.
Trials on animals showed toxicity was an issue with Cardarine, but trials on humans at lower doses of about 10mg daily for no longer than 12 weeks did not report any significant side effects at all. We still do not know the potential long term effects of Cardarine as data is lacking and until there are more clinical trials, Cardarine use for performance enhancement especially at higher doses or for long periods of time is mostly trial and error for athletes but the good news is that there are no estrogenic side effects that we see with steroids.
No suppression of testosterone should occur with this compound either. Unfortunately there is no new research on the horizon for Cardarine due to the cancer link, and it’s possible that research will not again be undertaken on this compound so the only word on side effects and possible long term effects we are likely to get are from first hand user experience by athletes.
Although trials on humans were run for 12 weeks, most athletes using Cardarine will normally stick to an 8 week cycle at a dose of between 10mg and 15mg daily. The optimal cycle length for you should be evaluated over time, and it’s possible that you might benefit by extending your cycle to 12 weeks but this is recommended as the maximum, while the maximum dosage should not exceed 20mg for more advanced users.
My Thoughts On Cardarine (GW-501516)
The studies that showed an increased risk of cancer are definitely going to be a concern for many people thinking of using this compound. Even though dosages in the study that brought about that result were much higher than we’d ever consider taking, this unknown factor when it comes to lower doses could make or break your decision to use Cardarine – the fact is that we simply don’t know the entire risk profile yet.
Despite this possible risk, for those who do use Cardarine it provides incredible results and many consider it one of the best non-steroid options out there. The boost to endurance and heightened efficiency of nutrition are great benefits but whether they worth the risk of some serious negative health impacts will be a decision for you to make as you weigh up Cardarine against SARMs and other compounds.
Ligandrol continues to be one of the most popular SARMs for people looking to bulk with quality muscle gains.
Ligandrol has a history of human clinical trials which showed that it was successful in increasing muscle mass and doing so without the gaining of fat. This makes it one of the few SARMs that has a very clear human clinical history of doing what we expect it to do and having those effects work positively in the human body.
LGD-4033 is another investigational SARM which has become popular with athletes because of its anabolic effects. A number of professional athletes have been sanctioned for using LGD-4033 for performance enhancement as, like all SARMs, it is prohibited by anti-doping bodies.
The main medical research surrounding Ligandrol focuses on its potential use for aging related muscle wasting, osteoporosis and cancer so we can expect this SARM to have excellent anabolic and muscle building effects. A top Australian swimmer who recently tested positive for Ligandrol is one of the high profile athletes to bring this SARM to public attention, with the athlete stating she was unaware that Ligandrol was included in a supplement.
Benefits/What to Expect?
Ligandrol is known to positively effect the repair and growth of muscle. After all, it is designed to treat muscle wasting even though it is not yet approved for that or any medical use. You can expect to see improvements in lean mass within a relatively short period of time; one clinical trial on healthy young men ran for just 21 days and improvements in muscle mass were seen during this time. Endurance and strength may be improved with the use of Ligandrol.
Speeding up recovery is another area that this SARM can possibly benefit as well as using this SARM during a cutting cycle where you are on a low calorie diet and need to retain muscle mass. While this makes it useful for cutting, most people still primarily use Ligandrol for bulking thanks to its excellent mass gaining ability.
A typical 12 week cycle of Ligandrol could have you gaining over 15 pounds of muscle if your workout and diet are on track to make the gains. Recovery times should also improve as you progress through the cycle, and you’ll notice some strength increases so by the end of the cycle you should be lifting much heavier weights than you otherwise normally would without the use of this compound.
During the human clinical trials no serious adverse effects were noted and the drug was considered to be well tolerated. Clinical trials also showed that free testosterone levels were significantly suppressed but that after treatment was finished, hormone levels returned to normal however this took almost two months when testosterone was left to recover naturally. This hormonal suppression occurred at a dosage of 1mg daily.
The USADA also notes that LGD-4033 brings about a decrease in the production of testosterone and other hormones, which is one of only the few side effects known to date about this SARM.
Mild side effects may include headache, nausea and fatigue but you should be able to control these well with your dosage, which is why starting at a low dose is always recommended until you know how your body reacts to Ligandrol; the side effects that you hear about one person having might not affect you at all, and your side effects can be different to the next guy. Just as with steroids, we have different individual reactions to different SARMs as well.
Medical doses in clinical trials of LGD-4033 are in the 0.5mg to 2mg daily range. As noted, at a dose of just 1mg daily the trial participants saw a significant suppression of testosterone levels while using the compound so if this is a concern for you, dosage must be started at a low level to gauge the effects. The good news is that only very low doses of this SARM are needed to get good results, as we’ve seen in clinical trial results and this will help keep side effects at bay.
While some people might increase dosage right up to 15mg or 20mg daily or more, keep testosterone suppression in mind and be prepared to combat it after your cycle. When it comes to females using Ligandrol, 5mg per day is the maximum recommended dosage.
With a half life of 24 hours you can get by with a once daily dosing of this compound, but you can also split it if you experience effects like headache or fatigue at higher dosages.
An 8 week cycle can be expected to deliver excellent results, but it’s possible to use this SARM for 12 weeks to really allow the effects to kick in over a longer period. Post cycle therapy to speed up the restoration of hormone production should run for at least 4 weeks.
My Thoughts On Ligandrol (LGD-4033)
This experimental drug is one of the most promising SARMs when it comes to an alternative for anabolic steroids for athletes with a focus on gaining muscles. It has a positive history in clinical trials of working very well to build muscle and importantly: to do this without also gaining fat.
The downside of testosterone suppression is an issue to consider, but those who are used to using anabolic steroids are experienced with this side effect and it is thankfully relatively easy to counter with the addition of a quality PCT cycle. Those wanting to avoid anabolic steroids while still experiencing the effects of a very powerful anabolic compound will be well served by Ligandrol provided you can find a quality source and this is best achieved by purchasing Ligandrol as a liquid rather than capsules which can contain additional or completely different ingredients.
You might see Ostarine being called by several names: Enobosarm, Ostabolic, or just MK2866 which is simply the name of the research chemical. Like most SARMs, Ostarine is currently in development for its potential in treating conditions like osteoporosis and muscle wasting among other conditions.
The goals of Ostarine that are of interest to athletes and those interested in physique enhancement are strength and muscle gains as well as promoting an anti-catabolic state in the body – where muscle is not lost. Ostarine potentially has one of, if not the greatest anabolic properties of all currently available SARMs.
Like all SARMs, Ostarine binds to androgen receptors and only selective receptor sites in muscle and bone tissue. It is a SARM this is useful for fat loss as well as for gaining mass and while gains are unlikely to exceed those you can make with the most powerful anabolic steroids, Ostarine provides an alternative that reduces the amount and severity of side effects compared with steroids.
Ostarine, like all SARMs, is still in research phase by its developer and as such, there are still aspects that remain unknown about both its short term benefits and potential long term side effects. Over $35 million dollars has been put into research and trials of Ostarine so far.
Like all SARMs, Ostarine is prohibited by the World Anti-Doping Agency. There have been a number of high profile positive drug tests for this SARM among professional athletes over the past several years with many claiming to have unknowingly taken the ingredient when it was not labeled on supplements. Ostarine has a half life of 24 hours and can be taken once daily.
Benefits/What to Expect?
Boosting anabolic activity is what Ostarine is designed to do. Similarly to steroids, this SARM will increase protein synthesis and nitrogen retention plus has the benefit of enhancing healing and joint health (a positive effect from its goal of treating osteoporosis). This aids in recovery and also allows you to train longer and harder with stronger joints and ligaments increasing your tolerance and ability for more intensive training.
Because of Ostarine’s specific targeting of muscle and bone tissue and thanks to its ability to both grow and preserve muscle it is able to be used for both bulking and cutting. Retaining existing muscle while cutting is an ongoing challenge for any bodybuilder and Ostarine provides an alternative to harsh steroids in achieving this goal.
Ostarine helps keep the body in fat burning mode with this retaining of muscle tissue, making fat loss easier than if you were to lose your muscle and negatively impact the metabolism. When we talk about Ostarine promoting anti-catabolism in the body, this is the core effect and it clearly makes this SARM very ideal for cutting purposes.
Those wanting to use Ostarine for bulking will see excellent lean muscle gains without the concern of water retention and gynecomastia which are estrogen related side effects of steroids. This means all the gains you make when using Ostarine are high quality muscle gains (provided your diet is correct) rather than some gains being masked by water retention which is a major issue with many anabolic steroids.
The effect of Ostarine and other SARMs on cholesterol are still mostly unknown. One study in 2008 using Ostarine noted a decrease in cholesterol levels among the study participants. With such little data available though it is unknown one way or the other whether Ostarine can positive or negatively impact cholesterol, or whether the effects vary widely between individuals.
When used at high doses that are likely by bodybuilders and athletes, we see one of those same problems that come with anabolic steroid use: suppression of natural testosterone production. High dosages and long cycles bring about this condition in males and is why following up with PCT, just as with steroids, is needed in these circumstances.
Very short term or low dosage use of Ostarine may not always come with this side effect. Ostarine won’t suppress testosterone totally like steroids do and the effect of this can vary between individuals. While SARMs do not aromatize there is some evidence that slight rises in estrogen can still occur, but for most people this won’t be enough to require the use of an anti-estrogen
For a cutting phase where you need to retain muscle while on a reduced calorie diet, a dosage of Ostarine at 15mg daily is recommended. This dose helps protect muscle but does not, in most people, promote much growth. To achieve muscle growth increasing the daily dosage to 20mg or up to 25mg is standard for most people, and while high doses can be used it is thought that the benefits do not increase noticeably above 25mg.
A simple 6 to 8 week cycle will require some PCT afterwards by some men, while others won’t suffer any suppression at all. In any case a minimum of 4 weeks with a break without any SARMs is always needed for recovery.
My Thoughts On Ostarine (MK-2866)
If you want a big boost to your anabolic state then MK-2866 is one of the best options available outside of anabolic steroids. You clearly will not get the rapid mass building that’s possible with steroids but with a slower and steadier approach, quality gains can be made with Ostarine and it’s also become a useful bridging compound between steroid cycles, so its use is not just limited to people who don’t use anabolic steroids.
Andarine is a SARM that has seen a wide take up by athletes in a variety of disciplines. We could say that this is a SARM that is both loved and hated for a number of reasons, including that is it not as powerful in either anabolic and androgenic effects compared with many other SARMs but the fact it is not under research any more and many trials were not published, making this SARM more of mystery than some others.
S4 is only a partial androgen receptor agonist rather than a full agonist like many other SARMs are. It’s research work has been focused on the prostate, with early animal results showing a reduction in prostate weight without the loss of muscle mass. Lab studies are also focused on its potential use for osteoporosis and muscle wasting treatments
Clinical trials on humans began but were ultimately abandoned because of safety concerns. This may be another reason, besides its only partial agonist property, that Andarine does not have the more widespread positive thoughts around it compared with many other SARMs. Despite this, some athletes still do use this SARM at their own risk and often so without knowledge of the potential dangers and unknowns as it is often easy to lump all SARMs into the one category, despite the fact they can be very different.
Benefits/What to Expect?
Andarine provides benefits in strengthening bones by improving bone density which is an advantage for weight lifting athletes where the musculoskeletal system needs to be of sufficient strength to support the growth in muscle mass you’re trying to achieve.
Endurance, stamina, strength and agility can all be improved with Andarine, so this makes it a versatile SARM suited for a range of athletic and fitness goals.
A benefit you’ll often hear about with S4 is that it causes less side effects than other SARMs and is useful for both bulking and cutting, but is particularly useful for cutting and helps retain existing muscle during this time. It can harden the muscles and increase vascularity, boost strength and potentially help burn fat by encouraging the burning of stored fat for energy. Muscle gains can be impressive with S4, as far as SARMs go, but naturally will not rival that which you can achieve with steroids.
Andarine basically puts the body into a quality anabolic state where you’ll find that gaining some muscle and burning fat will come quicker, but not as quick as steroids and the slower results can lead some to think that S4 isn’t working. Therefore it’s important to finish an entire cycle before evaluating results. Another benefit of course is the lack of water retention that you won’t see with any gains made with S4, so you know your gains are quality muscle tissue.
Side effects relating to vision are potentially what caused human trials of S4 to be stopped and this area should be of the greatest concern to anyone considering the use of this SARM, although all SARMs can potentially cause some visual disturbance and risks to eyesight.
Some of the receptor binding that occurs with S4 is in the eyes and concerning effects of this can include changes to your peripheral vision, a yellow hue to what you’re seeing particularly indoors and less adaptability when you move from dark to light places where the pupil needs to react to the changing light intensity. It’s thought that these visual effects are not a risk of being permanent and should stop happening within a week of you stopping use of S4, but for many people this is seen as too high a risk for using this particular SARM.
Andarine has a very short half life measured in just three to four hours. This will require you to take this SARM multiple times per day with three times daily being the standard and usually this will be taken at mealtimes. This regular dosing can make Andarine a SARM that is mostly appealing to the most serious users who are dedicated to not missing a dose.
Dosage varies wildly with experience and goals and can range from just 25mg daily up to 75mg as the maximum. Higher doses increase your risk of side effects so new users should always start low and evaluate your body’s reaction to Andarine before increasing the dosage. Hormone suppression is also more likely at higher doses.
My Thoughts On Andarine (S4)
It is unfortunate that development of S4 was stopped, and for this reason many people will turn to Ostarine instead which has taken a higher priority in research work. If you are still keen on giving Andarine a go, keep on top of any visual problems that might occur and stop use if it does and remember that there really is little information about long term side effects of this compound, so it does come with a higher risk than the majority of other SARMs we have available.
YK-11 is one of the strongest SARMs we have available now, with some people describing it as being as close as you’ll get to a steroid without it being an anabolic steroid. That’s because like most of the other SARMs we look at, YK-11 is in fact a steroidal SARM and has been formed as a modification of DHT, and this makes YK-11 much closer to the steroids we are familiar with than many other common SARMs.
Like all SARM, YK-11 has no approval for use in humans and is currently still under investigation in research work. That means we still don’t know the full potential of this compound when it comes to either its benefits or downsides.
As with all regular SARMs, YK-11 is also banned by doping agencies and worldwide sporting bodies as a performance enhancing drug. This tell us that YK-11 does indeed have very beneficial effects that can give athletes advantages. YK-11 binds only to androgen receptors in muscle and bone and may be potentially good for prostate health.
Benefits/What to Expect?
Muscle gains, fat loss and improved bone health are the main desirable benefits of SARMs for performance enhancing use.
YK-11 is thought to promote muscle growth by increasing the growth of a critical muscle building protein called follistatin, while it has also shown to stimulate the the proteins that build bones, which is one of the properties that we see with many SARMs and why they are being seriously researched to treat osteoporosis.
These effects can lead to an increase in bone density and lean muscle gains which is highly desirable for the bodybuilder and elite athlete. But so far only cellular and some animal studies have been done on YK-11 and its benefit for humans at higher doses is anecdotal based on personal experiences.
It’s not uncommon to hear about gains of up to 15 pounds within one single cycle of YK-11, while fat reduction during this time can also be significant. This can make YK-11 useful not only for bulking up, but for cutting phases as well. If the diet supports it, YK-11 can help not only retain muscle tissue during cutting, but stimulate its growth too.
Mild to moderate liver toxicity is a risk with most SARMs including YK-11 especially when it’s used at higher dosages and over a long period of time. Taking time off in between cycles with no SARMs being used is critical to allow the liver to recover. Without clinical studies on humans we still do not know the extent of potential liver damage that YK-11 can cause. It will be of great value to take a liver protection supplement while using YK-11.
Increased aggression is a problem that some experience with YK-11 and again this is going to be dosage dependent, as well as highly individual If you are normally prone to anger or having a short fuse, then YK-11 is likely to trigger that and this is needs to be kept in mind when formulating your dosage.
We do see some unique side effects with this SARM that aren’t often seen with other compounds, and some of these are similar to what anabolic steroids can produce in addition to increased aggression. This can include unexpected hair growth plus joint weakening, as well as the aforementioned liver toxicity risk. This makes YK-11 one of the more potent SARMs not only in its positive effects, but the negatives too.
Between 2mg and 5mg daily is considered the ideal male dosage of YK-11. Women will be best served at a much lower dosage, sometimes as low as 0.5mg daily still giving excellent results. With time and evaluating results and side effects, some women will increase YK-11 up to 2mg daily.
Because of the short half life of YK-11 at 8 hours or less, most people will want to take it twice daily. An 8 week cycle is recommended as the maximum
YK-11 is a powerful SARM when used on its own, but it is possible to stack it with other SARMs and the most common other SARM this one is combined with is Testolone with both SARMs being used at up to 5mg daily for men, but adjusted for your needs and your individual response.
My Thoughts On YK-11
This is known as a very potent SARM, even though it is quite new and we are still in the learning phase of knowing exactly what it can help bodybuilders and athletes achieve, as well as its short and longer term negative impacts. The liver toxicity issues will turn a lot of people away from this SARM, especially as you can use some steroids with greater results and similar side effect risks. If you choose to give YK-11 a try always buy from a reputable source because low quality and counterfeits do exist with this compound, and taking such products is not only detrimental to your results but more importantly is a huge health risk.
Nutrobal is not a SARM but instead is a ghrelin receptor non-peptide agonist. Like a SARM, it is still a selective agonist so only targets specific areas of the body. It is able to replicate the stimulation of growth hormone resulting in an increase in human growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), making this compound very useful for people looking to gain mass.
Nutrobal stimulates Human Growth Hormone and IGF-1 production so essentially this is a SARM made for growth and that suits bodybuilders very well. It has successfully shown to result in lean mass gains without raising the level of fat mass, meaning all gains are quality muscle. Not only have studies on humans found that MK-677 can increase muscle mass, but also improve bone mineral density.
There is no human approval for this drug and it is still under investigation and research. Bodybuilders however have been using it for gaining muscle because this is a compound that was developed to potentially treat muscle wasting conditions, but also obesity and Nutrobal is efficient at stimulating fat loss as well making it a quality all round compound that is a true viable alternative to steroids.
Benefits/What to Expect?
MK-677 is very useful for the repair of tendons and connective tissue after you’ve trained hard. For this reason it’s often paired with SARMs that have a greater muscle strength boosting ability like Ligandrol and Testolone. This helps reduce the risk of injury and is most beneficial for people who are focused on regular heavy weight lifting. The ability of MK-677 to increase appetite makes it a compound that’s great for gaining muscle but not for a cutting plan where you want to reduce calories and burn fat.
This compound is flexible in its benefits and can be used to bulk, cut, strengthen soft tissue and it even has benefits in improving sleep quality.
Although not necessarily a negative if you’re wanting to bulk up, MK-677 is known for giving your appetite a major boost as I’ve mentioned. You might feel hungry all the time, but if you want to gain mass then this is going to be benefit rather than a side effect – as long as you make the most of the hunger by eating high quality food.
For those people who aren’t looking to increase food intake much, then the boost to the appetite the Nutrobal causes could be considered a negative side effect but users of this SARM will be on a mass building cycle and the extra incentive to eat (and eat well) will be welcomed but this will certainly be a downside if you choose to address your increased appetite with junk calories instead of quality.
Any serious side effects of Nutrobal are still not known but one concern is its potential affect on mental health because this compound is able to cross the blood-brain barrier which could cause over stimulation of particular brain receptors (including that which causes hunger). Repeatedly stimulating this part of the brain may cause as yet unknown short and long term effects on the brain.
You will only need a low dose of Nutrobal to experience its effects at a level suited to performance enhancement. So you can start as low as 15mg daily and expect good results, and for some people this is as high as you might want to go. With more experience it’s possible to increase the dosage and some people are known to boost right up to 50mg daily, but this isn’t a place to start and you should always start low and gauge your results and the overall effect that Nutrobal is having.
With a 24 hour half life, Nutrobal is taken just once a day so is simple to include in your routine. While this is fine at a lower dose, once you start increasing above 20mg daily (this will differ between individuals), the one large dosage hit can actually bring about a feeling of fatigue so it can be wise to split to dose and take it twice a day.
If you notice tiredness happening even at a low dosage, splitting your intake can provide benefits and help you avoid the downsides that can potentially decrease your workout productivity. A cycle of 8 weeks is considered the minimum when using Nutrobal but once you are confident using this compound, increasing the cycle length to 12 weeks will yield best results; this should be followed up with another 12 weeks recovery. This three months on, three months off cycle has you using the compound just twice yearly so you can plan your purchases accordingly.
My Thoughts On Nutrobal (MK-677)
Including in a SARMs stack, especially one that is taken by heavy weight lifters, will help improve recovery and guard against injury so there’s less chance that you’ll be sidelined from a serious injury. This is an excellent addition to a bulking cycle stack for this reason and is perfect for stacking with compounds like RAD-140 and LGD-4033.
This research drug that has shown positive effects on mice in lab trials including increased endurance and decreases in cholesterol, anxiety, inflammation and weight. These properties, if they can be translated to humans, are appealing for athletes and particularly those focused on endurance activity.
The main purpose of this drug being developed was to study the circadian rhythm which is how our body functions throughout a 24 hour cycle of day and night.
To date there have been no studies on humans with Stenabolic which means there is no medical data on either its positive or negative effect on the human body.
Benefits/What to Expect?
Lab studies have shown that SR-9009 improved oxygen consumption, muscle mitochondria and muscular use of glucose while decrease liver fat cell formation and body fat storage. Studies on mice showed fat loss over a 7 day period indicating this compound works quickly.
For athletes, the benefits of Stenabolic translate to more endurance, strength and more effective use of glucose and fats, ultimately boosting performance so you can train for longer and if desired, burn fat if your diet supports that goal. Stenabolic makes the body more efficient use of energy sources so your athletic performance hits a much higher level than normal.
Studies have also shown that the metabolic rate at rest can be raised with Stenabolic so you store less fat and burn up more fat when at rest.
Little is known about any possible side effects of Stenabolic. These might come to light in future as more people use the compound, but since it is currently a gray area it’s always advised to start off on a low dose then monitor any effects before adjusting your dosage.
You should not require any PCT with this compound and it won’t cause any estrogenic or other side effects that you would experience with steroids.
Like most things about this compound, there is no consensus on dosage for performance enhancement either and most users will experiment with their own dosages and cycles. We know that Stenabolic has a very short half life of about 4 hours only so you will want to be timing your intake so it matches up to when you need the effects to kick in and this will usually be about 2 hours before you start a workout at which point its activity in the body will be at the optimal level.
A dosage of under 20mg is suitable for just about anyone, and good effects can even be seen at just 5mg but most people will want to multiply that dosage. This is a compound that’s suitable for using with steroids or other SARMs in a stack.
My Thoughts On Stenabolic (SR-9009)
Although technically not a SARM but a Rev-Erb agonist, Stenabolic is still usually promoted as a type of SARM by most vendors who sell it. This compound will appeal not so much to bodybuilders but more so to endurance athletes since studies have shown that it can in fact increase endurance significantly, as well as make fat burning more efficient.
Distance runners are one group who would benefit from the effects of Stenabolic. If stamina, endurance and fat loss are your main goals then Stenabolic could be the right compound for you, just keep in mind that as this is a fairly new SARM there is still much to learn about both its positive and negative effects.
Can You Stack SARMs and What are the Best Stacks?
Anyone just starting with SARMs would be wise to start with a single compound at first, just like when starting out with anabolic steroids. Taking on more than one SARM does not allow you to evaluate the precise effect each one is having, and possibly more importantly is the fact you wouldn’t be able to identify which SARM is causing which side effects, if any. So while SARMs can be stacked, this is not recommended for beginners.
So say you’ve had some experience with SARMs already and are thinking of taking it to the next level; this is where you start thinking about stacking and whether combining multiple SARMs really would provide extra benefits and if so, which SARMs are the best to use in a stack?
Just as with steroids, the formation of a SARMs stack depends mostly on your goals: are you trying to cut fat or bulk up with lean muscle gains? Pinpoint your goals before working out a SARMs stack so you can make your decision with these goals in mind.
Let’s look at the two main stacks that SARMs users would aim to create a stack for: cutting and bulking.
SARMs stack for cutting
Because SARMs were originally researched and tested for the purpose of treating diseases that involve muscle wasting, such as after cancer treatment, it goes without saying that they could potentially be excellent for the purpose of cutting where you are going to be calorie deficient as you work to burn as much fat as possible while keeping a lean physique, and ideally not lose any of your existing lean muscle. Some cutting stacks might also aim to build some muscle, while others are focused purely on fat burning.
A quality SARMs cutting stack can be as simple as two SARMs taken for a period of 10 weeks: Cardarine (10mg daily) and Ostarine (20mg daily). While you won’t need to do PCT following this stack, a break of a minimum of four weeks is recommended for recovery.
SARMs stack for bulking
There are several SARMs stacking options when you’re goal is to build mass and bulk up with lean muscle growth. All of them should result in fast gains but keep in mind that unlike the basic cutting stack above, these stacks do require you to follow up with PCT. An extra benefit of bulking stacks with SARMs is that you’ll usually see a big improvement in energy as well which is going to boost your performance considerably, ultimately contributing to gaining that muscle faster with your powered up workouts.
A quality SARMs mass building stack example is to use Testolone and Ligandrol at 15mg each daily for two months, followed by a four week break plus PCT.
Strength is another area that you can target with a SARMs stack. YK-11 and Ligandrol will provide big benefits in this area, boosting your weight lifting ability for faster gains; so essentially this can also be considered a mass building stack but only if you put the hard yards into your gym work.
You can run this stack as a short 6 week cycle and see good results with Ligandrol at 20mg daily and YK-11 at 10mg per day. As YK-11 is particularly potent this stack will likely require a PCT, and you should take at least a break of one month without using the compounds to aid recovery.
Side Effects from SARMs Cycle
Despite popular belief that SARMs are not as harmful as anabolic steroids, or that they don’t come with similar or other side effects, these compounds do have more risks than most people think.
For starters, we can think of SARMs as essentially being research chemicals. Many have been developed and then halted by pharmaceutical companies for a range of reasons, in the process of their research and development. That means that most SARMs are largely untested and remain mostly a mystery when it comes to not only their short term effects but what impacts they can have on long term health.
Most SARMs have not even undergone animal studies, so when it comes to their use in humans we are essentially looking at unapproved and untested substances which have never undergone the rigorous testing and trials that other drugs have in the past – including even steroids.
This means that the possible side effects of SARMs, while many are now becoming more apparent as more people give these compounds a try, are still not fully understood and it could take many years or even decades to gain an insight of the long term effects caused by SARMs by people who are heavily using them today.
Let’s look at the potential side effects of a SARM cycle that are known about:
Increased risk of heart attack and stroke
This is a risk factor often listed by regulatory authorities, even though there is little real world evidence in humans to really back this up yet.
We know these are risk factors for heavy steroid users and that may also be the case for heavy SARM use in the long term – once again, maintaining sensible dosages of your chosen SARM compounds is key to reducing all side effect risks and minimizing long term health effects.
Blind spots and reduced low light vision have shown to be a problem with some SARMs, with Andarine S4 clinical trials in humans resulting in visual changes being one of the most concerns. So while this is not a side effect with all SARMs it is one to watch out for and another area where research is not adequate enough yet for us to know whether other SARMs are a risk to eye health.
Some SARMs are thought to potentially worsen your cholesterol health by reducing the good cholesterol type, HDL. This can bring about the potential risk of cardiovascular disease.
The true effects of SARMs on cholesterol are still not fully understood with no long term data being available, especially with the off-label use of these compounds among bodybuilders and athletes, and some trials have even found that one SARM in Ostarine resulted in decreased cholesterol levels in trial subjects. In any case it’s wise to maintain a cholesterol friendly diet low in saturated fats and high in healthy omega-3 fatty acids both while you’re using SARMs and when you’re having a break.
While not yet known whether SARMs can directly lead to cancer formation in humans, at least one SARM (Cardarine) was terminated from development by the pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline because of severe toxicities including the development of multiple types of cancers in mice was established during long term studies.
SARMs are thought to pose a high risk to the liver due to toxicity. An FDA notice in 2017 listed liver damage as one of its primary concerns about the use of SARMs in bodybuilding products.
There is still a lot of debate among enthusiasts about whether SARMs are liver toxic, since the make up of their chemical structure theoretically suggests they are not, but the FDA warning and other evidence suggests that liver damage is indeed a risk of SARMs use, even if not as prominent as that which comes with some oral anabolic steroids which can be severely toxic to the liver.
So we can see that SARMs are certainly not without their side effects risks, and when used at higher dosages that are more likely by performance athletes, it’s even possible to experience similar or the same side effects as anabolic steroids. While there is still so much still not known about SARMs, it’s an almost certainty that the more SARMs you take, the higher the dosage, and the longer period of time you keep taking them, the inevitability of side effects is virtually impossible to avoid.
Because the very few human studies done so far with SARMs have been completed using medical doses which are far lower than athletes use, the side effects at higher doses are not going to be understood fully for some time.
SARMs Results: What Should I Expect?
Just as with anabolic steroids, different results can be expected with the use of different SARMs. We know some are more useful for cutting and burning fat while others excel at helping you bulk up and gain strength.
Users of some SARMs at performance enhancing dosages can expect to see noticeable increases in muscle mass and strength and these will be quality muscle gains because SARMs and the other similar compounds described in this guide don’t cause water retention which can mask so much of your gains on steroids; for users of SARMs this is one of the biggest benefits and most appealing advantages over anabolic steroids.
Losing fat is another results you can expect with many SARMs, especially the ones that have been developed to address obesity where they are able to promote the metabolism and burning of stored fat, without putting the body in a catabolic state where you lose muscle tissue.
Other SARMs will boost your endurance and your ability to fight off fatigue and muscle soreness, and these are the SARMs that are especially valued by endurance athletes.
Using one SARM alone will generally give you some results you can expect, after having heard about the experience of other people using the compound. But it’s the stacking of SARMs and other compounds together that can really supercharge your results in the areas of muscle gains and performance, and for advanced users this is often the strategy to take – just as steroid users will stack multiple compounds to take advantage of their different properties during a cycle.
During a well planned SARM stack cycle expect to see excellent muscle definition develop as your muscles harden and grow, while being able to more efficiently burn fat and see a noticeable boost to your strength, stamina and overall ability to perform harder, for longer and with less down time in between workouts thanks to better muscle recovery and reduced risk of injury.
SARMs Post Cycle Therapy
We know that all anabolic steroid cycles need to be followed up with some form of post cycle therapy (PCT) because of the usually severe suppression of normal testosterone function that steroids cause. When it comes to SARMs we often read about how they don’t cause any side effects including that they don’t bring about testosterone suppression, but this is not entirely true.
While low doses of most SARMs are unlikely to affect testosterone, at the higher doses that athletes and bodybuilders want to use SARMs for performance enhancement results, suppression is a real possibility and is in fact very likely with some SARMs in particular, especially RAD-140, Ligandrol and YK11.
Taking higher dosages of Ostarine will also put you in the position where PCT will be beneficial and even necessary as higher doses of this SARM, say about 25mg daily, can result in real testosterone suppression
They won’t suppress you as much as steroids do, which can shut testosterone production down completely, but the suppression is often enough for you to require PCT after the SARMs cycle, and this can be done using one of the same drugs that are used by steroid users: Nolvadex which is an anti-estrogen medication that is very effective at kick starting your normal hormone function again.
A PCT cycle of Nolvadex can run for 4 weeks and this is generally sufficient for the majority of guys. Females who use SARMs will be pleased to know that there is no need for you to do PCT when using SARMs, just make sure you’re taking a break of at least four weeks between SARMs cycles.
Is SARM a steroid?
There are two types of SARMs, the first developed SARMs were steroidal but the ones developed only in the past two to three decades are known as non steroidal SARMs. Even though most modern SARMs are not steroidal, they still bring about anabolic activity in the muscle and bone and this is why they are so highly valued by fitness enthusiasts, bodybuilders and even professional athletes who want an alternative to anabolic steroids with lower risk of testosterone suppression, no estrogenic side effects and less risk of other side effects that come with steroid use.
Can SARMs come in capsules?
Some SARMs are made in capsule form, although this is not legal because SARMs are not approved for use by humans by authorities in the USA and other countries. While capsule SARMs provide an easy way to take your dose, there is a risk of low quality, under dosing, overdosing, or contamination if the SARMs capsules have been manufactured in an unprofessional environment. This is why most people will buy SARMs in liquid form from research labs, so you know you’re getting the real deal. Sometimes SARMs are included in supplements but these should be taken with caution as once again you can rarely tell the origin of the SARM in these cases.
Do bodybuilders use SARMs?
SARMs have become popular with bodybuilders who might want to avoid anabolic steroids because of the known side effects, and who believe that SARMs don’t come with these same risks while still providing excellent performance benefits. SARMs are useful both for building muscle and for preserving muscle, since of of their main aims is to prevent catabolism. When used with a suitable diet, SARMs reduce the risk of losing your heard earned muscle gains as a bodybuilder.
Will SARMs cause hair loss?
We know that one of the most dreaded side effects of anabolic and androgenic steroids is hair loss or male pattern baldness in men who are genetically predisposed to it. One of the most appealing things about SARMs for a lot of guys is, if we listen to the marketers who sell them, that SARMs does not pose a risk for hair loss.
But the fact is that SARMs can indeed cause hair loss in some people, just like steroids can. This side effect is mostly a concern when taking SARMs at high doses – just as most performance athletes will. It’s not considered much of a risk at lower doses. If you do experience hair loss when taking SARMs, the bad news is that it’s going to be permanent; unless you have some sort of effective hair restoration plan.
Can SARMs cause heart attack?
The long term effects of SARMs are still unknown when it comes to their use by humans. We know that cancer was an effect when SARMs were given to mice over a relatively long term. But another very serious concern many people have about people using SARMs is whether they affect cardiovascular health and if they can potentially even lead to heart attacks. In 2017 the US FDA issued a warning about SARMs and stated that they can increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.
Are SARMs banned by WADA?
All SARMs are prohibited by the World Anti-Doping Agency and have been since 2008. It is listed in the category of banned substances under Anabolic Agents, which is the same category that steroids are listed in. This means that SARMs are never permitted and any drug tests that come back positive for any SARM will be dealt with according to the rules of your particular sport. Since becoming a banned substance, dozens of professional athletes of tested positive for SARMs over the years and have been banned or penalized.
Can SARMs be found in dietary supplements?
Even though it’s not legal to include SARMs in dietary supplement, this is a widespread practice with some supplement makers blatantly advertising their use of SARMs, and others not even listing a SARM as an ingredient. The latter can put athletes at risk who do undergo regular doping tests, if they have consumed a supplement that unknowingly contained SARMs. This is why only taking supplements that are from reputable companies where 100% of the ingredients are certain is a must for anyone who is exposed to drug testing, as well as if you simply want to avoid SARMs altogether.
How long does it take for SARMs to kick in?
New SARMs users can make the error of believing that results will be noticed as quickly as they are when using anabolic steroids, but this is not actually the case with SARMs. They simply don’t work as fast as steroids do. Steroids are synthetic hormones, mostly testosterone, so have a potent effect on the body and they do so quickly after administration. Non steroidal SARMs on the other hand are not giving you the effects of a powerful hormone like anabolic steroids do and you will need to use SARMs for longer before you start seeing results, and this takes patience.
Some SARM compounds can deliver noticeable changes within about 4 weeks, while others can take as long as 8 weeks to really kick in and have you noticing the benefits. SARMs therefore require a longer term approach to their use, but on the upside don’t come with the same drastic negative effect on your hormonal system and overall health that steroids do.
How long should you cycle SARMs?
Keeping in mind the slower effects of SARMS on the body, the minimum cycle length for most SARMs should be 8 weeks. But most people will choose to go longer, with 12 weeks being standard for experienced users. A simple beginner cycle should consist of just one or two SARMs for 8 to 12 weeks. It’s important not to worry about not seeing immediate results and to focus on the longer term benefits where consistency is going to be key to getting those quality muscle gains, whether you are comfortable doing 8 week cycles, 12 week cycles or anything in between: being consistent over the long term is what will get you the results.
Which SARMs should women use?
Women can use most SARMs and most females will want to use the compounds that enhance endurance and fat loss, rather than for muscle gain. Ligandrol and Andarine are commonly use by women to help with muscle toning and cutting fat and this can be achieved at low doses as small as 5mg daily.
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